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Guatemala Country Profile

General Information

Official name:Spanish: República de Guatemala
English: Republic of Guatemala
Capital:Guatemala City
Major cities:Guatemala City, Quetzaltenango, Escuintla, Coban, Zacapa
Major tourist destinations:Antigua Guatemala, Tikal, Lake Atitlan, Chichicastenango, Rio Dulce
Population:12.5 million (2006)
Languages:Spanish, 23 officially recognized Amerindian languages
Independence:15 September 1821 from Spain


Location:Central America
Neighbors:Mexico, Belize, Honduras, El Salvador
Land area:108,430 sq km (41,865 square miles)
Highest mountain:Volcan Tajumulco, 4,211 m (13,816 ft)
Largest lake:Lake Izabal, 590 sq km (228 square miles)
Longest river:Rio Motagua, 402 km (250 miles)
Climate:Hot and humid in the lowlands, temperate in the highlands


Currency:Quetzal (GTQ) - Current exchange rates
Banknotes of 5, 10, 20, 50 and 100 Quetzals
Coins of 1, 5, 10, 25, 50 centavos and 1 Quetzal
Industries:Agriculture, tourism, textiles, furniture
Exports:Coffee, sugar, petroleum, textiles, fruits and vegetables
Imports:Fuels, machinery and transport equipment, construction materials, fertilizers, electricity

Information for Travelers

Time zone:Central Time (GMT -6 hours) year round
International phone code:502
Electricity:110V, 60Hz
International Airports:Guatemala City (GUA), Flores (FRS)